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Most homeowners, especially in the US, prefer using asphalt shingles because they are affordable, versatile, and easy-to-find roofing materials. In general, the most durable types of roofing are clay and slate tiles. However, they are more expensive, unlike wood or metal.
Solar shingles and green roofs are examples of functional roofing alternatives, but they are also expensive roofing types. One of the most profitable and best ways to invest in your home is by replacing the old roof. However, to get it right, you need to know how to choose the best types of roofs that suit your home, budget, and climate.
You also need to ensure that you choose the right roofing contractor to help install the new roof. Quality is also a fundamental factor to consider because it influences the lifespan of the roof you get. This article will show you the different types of roofing available and help you decide which is best for you.
Best Types Of Roofs
Here are some of the best roofing types available:
Asphalt shingle roofs are one of the most common and affordable roofing materials. They are made from a range of roof materials, examples of which are fiberglass shingles which are also not expensive, and composite shingles which are made from recycled materials and are a bit pricey.
There are also other higher-priced materials that offer longer durability. Generally, asphalt roofs are designed to last between three and ten years. Asphalt shingles are easy to install and lightweight. However, they are sensitive to extreme temperature conditions, and not all offer long-term durability.
Built-up roofing (BUR)
Built-up roofing is also known as BUR roofing, and it's primarily used on flat roofs. It's made from different layers of ply sheets, asphalt, aggregate, and other roof materials. BUR roofing also offers excellent roof waterproofing qualities and protection from ultraviolet damage. This type of roofing requires low maintenance. However, the installation process of this type of roofing is long, and it has a relatively short lifespan.
Clay tile roofing is also called terracotta, and it's among the oldest types of roofing materials. The main advantage of this type of roofing material is that it's exceptionally durable and eco-friendly. Also, it offers impressive thermal properties, which makes it fire-resistant, and suitable for use in hot climates.
In addition, clay tile roofs have a long lifespan, lasting between 50 to 100 years. However, it's worth noting that they are expensive and heavy materials. Therefore, you'll need to make room for additional structural support.
This type of roofing can last up to 50 years and offers impressive thermal properties, making it easy for the roof to absorb and emit heat slowly to save on electricity bills and increase energy efficiency.
Installation is a major factor for this type of roof because improper installation can make the roof susceptible to water damage. Also, the roof requires regular roof maintenance to prevent algae and mildew growth.
This is a relatively new type of roofing, especially in the United States, but it's becoming popular at a fast rate. The roof material is made from plants, and different vegetation, which allows it to offer multiple benefits to homeowners.
Even though this roofing is on the high end, it is designed to increase energy efficiency to allow homeowners to save on electricity bills. However, the roof is susceptible to water damage and requires regular maintenance to guarantee maximum performance.
Consider metal roofing if you want a roofing option that will last long. These roofs can last up to 50 years, making them an ideal investment. Metal roofs are available in different materials and styles, but all the available options are easy to maintain, durable, and weather and fire-resistant.
However, installing this type of roof takes work and requires professional assistance. Also, contraction and expansion due to environmental factors can cause stress to the roof.
This is one of the most widespread types of roofing, and it has been around for over 100 years. Slate roofing is considered the highest quality roofing material, which is why it is also the most expensive.
The main qualities of this option include its beautiful aesthetic, long-lasting nature, and eco-friendliness. However, slate roofs are very fragile and require care when handling. Installation of this type of roofing also requires special knowledge.
The last type of roofing to consider is wood roofing, of which there are two types: wooden shakes and wooden shingles. Wooden shakes split on one side, while wood shingles are thinner and sewn on both sides.
The shakes are generally the best option for weather conditions like high wind. Also, wooden shakes are made from different materials, with cedar shakes being the most common type. Other types include pine, redwood, spruce, and various coniferous trees.
The main advantage of this type of roof is that it is easy to transport, offers an excellent level of resistance to high wind, mold, and rot, and is naturally insulating. However, wood roofs are highly susceptible to fire damage and more prone to infestations by insects.
Signs That Your Roof Needs Replacing
There are a couple of things to look out for to know whether your roof is in good shape or not. These signs don't outright mean you should get a replacement but will help you understand what to do if required. If you're concerned about the integrity of your roof, the best thing to do is to seek professional help. However, here are some signs to look out for:
Cracked, loose, missing, or damaged shingles
These signs can be hazardous to your roof and lead to problems like lack of insulation and water damage. It's not always easy to find spots on the roof where these damages occur, but professional roofers can quickly identify these problems. Professionals have the skills required and can identify these problems with ease.
Signs of mold, rot, or water damage
This is a problem that is associated chiefly with wooden roofs. Wet woods have a higher tendency to rot, and this can cause other issues to your home. The best way to identify these issues is to look for signs of crumbles, cracks, discoloration, or dark spots in the roof deck. Also, check to confirm if it smells damp or musty.
Flashings offer protection from leaks and are made from galvanized steel, sheet metals, or aluminum. You can find flashing problems around chimneys, skylights, and vents. Flashings are designed to divert rainwater to the ground when properly installed.
The signs to look out for when they fail to perform include rust, cracks, bends, dents, missing parts, holes, and leaks in your house. Stains and molds on the fascia boards also indicate damaged flashings.
If your current roof was installed over 20 years ago, you should consult a professional roofer for roof inspection and determine whether it needs a replacement and what the roof cost may be.
Your roof has likely reached the end of its lifespan after 20 years, and you may need to get a replacement. Getting a new roof can be expensive, but getting one that adds more value to your home is essential.
A roof replacement has many other benefits, but you can only get this from the best types of roofs available. In addition to damages to your roof and replacing old roofs, another reason to consider changing to a new roof is when you plan to sell the house. This is a great way to increase the value of the home.
Consult A Professional Roofer
If you suspect roof damage and need a roof repair or replacement, the best thing is to consult a trusted roofing professional before you make any decision. Always remember that your roof is integral to your home, protecting the entire structure from damage and leaks. So, keep your roof from falling into disrepair.